Hey folks, it's finally time for another historical refight on the blog, and as is my preference it is for a smaller and arguably more obscure engagement, this time from the English Civil Wars.
Truth be told it would almost be disingenuous to call the historical outcome of Braddock Down, 19 January 1643, a battle. The actual engagement was about as brief and one sided as you could ask for; but with a little more resolve it need not have been so one sided, after all both sides were of roughly similar sizes and the weaker Parliamentarian forces were at least deployed and ready when they sighted their foe.
The battle such as it was is well described in the slim volume 'The Civil War in the South-West' by John Barratt
- 'Stand of Pike' units within which at least 1/3 are armed with pike, may form a stand of pike. This may be done as an ordered manoeuvre, or as an initiative action during a players own turn, or may be attempted as a reaction to a threat of a charge during the opponents' turn, for which the unit must pass a command check. If successful the unit withdraws it's muskets behind the pike bases, to whatever facing is deemed appropriate. the facing of the pikemen remains the same. A unit in SoP may not move, except to wheel on the spot around its' centre once per turn upto 90 degrees. A SoP may only fire with once dice, to its' flank arcs. units charging the SoP lose their charge bonus and must beat the unit by a clear 2 point margin (casualties, support etc) to force a break test. A SoP loses all melee benefits if charged from the flank or rear, and a unit may not form a SoP if reacting to a charge from the flank or rear. Unlike in later periods, cavalry will always at least try to charge an SoP. Units failing to form a SoP as a reaction roll to a charge will instead be placed in disorder before rolling for combat.
- Certain Parliamentarian cavalry is considered Unwilling to Charge. These suffer a -1 command penalty if issuing charge orders.
- Artillery does not have the luxury of quality limbers, mainly pulled by plough horses and oxen. Therefore all movement is at the manhandled speed at all times
|Sir Ralph Hopton|
(being Royalist, he's indulged in a full portrait)
- Hoptons Buffs (7/-/4+/3) +1 cavalry shock in melee resolution, 6 stands
- Horse (6/1/4+/3) +1 shock, 6 stands
- Dragoons (5/1/5+/3) Marauder, Carbines. 6 stands
- Forlorn Hope (3/2/5+/2) Skirmishers. No pike. 4 stands
- Grenvilles Cornish veterans (6/2/4+/3) Tough Fighters. 4 Pike and 3 shot stands
- Slanning's regt. (5/2/4+/3) 3 pike and 3 shot stands
- Travanion's regt. (5/2/4+/3) 3 pike and 3 shot stands
- Godolphin's regt. (5/2/4+/3) 3 pike and 3 shot stands
- Mohun's regt. (5/2/4+/3) 3 pike and 3 shot stands
- 2 Saker cannon (1/3-2-1/5+/1). Light cannon ranged. 1 stand each
|Col. William Ruthven|
(being Parliamentarian, he can afford only an engraving)
- Ruthven's first Scottish (5/3/4+/3) 2 Pike and 4 shot stands
- Ruthven's second Scottish (5/3/4+/3) 2 Pike and 4 shot stands
- Ruthven's third Scottish (5/3/4+/3) 2 Pike and 4 shot stands
- Cornish militia (4/2/5+/3) Wavering. 2 pike and 4 shot stands
- Carews first troop of Heavy Horse (7/-/4+/3) +1 cavalry shock, 6 stands
- Carews second troop of Heavy Horse (7/-/4+/3) +1 cavalry shock, 6 stands
- Carews first troop of Light Horse (5/1/4+/3) Marauders, Unwilling to Charge, 6 stands
- Carews second troop of Light Horse (5/1/4+/3) Marauders, Unwilling to Charge, 6 stands
- 2 Demi-cannon (1/3-2-1/5+/2). Heavy cannon ranged. 1 stand each
- 1 Culverin (1/3-2-1/5+/1) Light cannon ranged. 1 stand
- Guards of the artillery train (3/2/4+/2) Skirmishers. 4 stands
|Download full version from the Battlefields Trust: HERE|
The battlefield for the game is relatively simple, playing essentially across a gentle fold in moorland, with both armies beginning the battle on gentle rises, neither of which will confer any defensive advantage. Middle Top House sits on the Liskeard road and has some small field enclosures associated with it which Hopton made use of. Marshland fills the depression on the moor, and impinges upon the deployment of the Parliamentarians, arguably protecting their flank. The marsh should be considered difficult ground for any entering it. Fields are to the Parliament rear into which some troops were still deployed, though from accounts certainly not the Cornish who presumably were put in the front line to stop them drifting away. Woodland is to the rear of the Royalists.
|Royalists to the right, yes, technically that's upside down.|